Learning To Learn
Updated by Anderson and Krathwohl (2000)
Instructor initiated questions enhance student learning by:
- developing critical thinking skills
- reinforcing student understanding
- correcting student misunderstanding
- providing feedback for students
- enlivening class discussion
Questions serve as a teaching tool by which instructors manage and direct
learning, test student understanding, and diagnose problem areas. The skilful
use of the following question strategies have been found to enhance the
effectiveness of instructor initiated questions.
USING A SKILL HIERARCHY:
Asking questions that move from requiring simple recall of information to more
difficult levels of cognitive reasoning, helps students develop cognitive
abilities and critical thinking skills. (see chart below.)
||Recalling facts or observations;
- Who? What? Where? When?
would you define the term...?
||Describing; Stating main ideas;
Comparing & contrasting
- Describe (what will happen when...)
- What is the main idea (of article)?
- How are the theories
||Applying techniques & rules to solve problems
that have a single correct answer
- If..., then...
- How does this rule
- How would you interpret this graph/chart?
||Identifying motives or making inferences; Finding
evidence to support generalizations
- What can we conclude about...?
What does this tell us about...?
- What evidence can you find to
||Making value judgments about a controversial
issue; Judging truth, validity, beauty, worth etc.
- What is your opinion (on this matter)?
- Would it be better done another way?
- Why do you agree
||Developing solutions to problems and/or
- How can this dilemma be solved?
How can we improve this?
- What might happen if...?